The types and causes of female alopecia can be several. In this article we will only describe female androgenic alopecia. This is what is commonly known as “male pattern baldness”.
For many years researchers thought it was caused by the predominance of testosterone, which is the male sex hormone but women also have it in small amounts under normal conditions.
But recently it has been concluded that while testosterone is the core of the baldness process, DHT is the main cause of female alopecia.
What is DTH and how does it influence female androgenic alopecia
Testosterone is converted to DHT with the help of the enzyme type II 5-alpha reductase, which occurs in the sebaceous glands of the hair follicle.
Scientists now believe that it is not the amount of testosterone the problem, but rather the level of DHT attached to the receptors of the scalp follicles.
DHT makes the hair follicles smaller, which makes our hair not survive.
The hormonal process of testosterone is to convert to DHT, which damages the hair follicles and this occurs in both men and women.
Under normal conditions, women have a minimal fraction of the testosterone level than men, but even a lower level can cause hair loss.
Of course, as DHT levels rise, the problem grows.
These levels may increase and still be within what they consider “normal” but it is the doctors who will tell us, in a blood test, if they are high or normal and if we can have female alopecia.
Most women with androgenic female alopecia have diffuse weakening in all areas of the scalp.
Some women may have a combination of two types of patterns. Female androgenic alopecia is due to the action of androgens, male hormones that are typically present only in small amounts.
Androgenic alopecia can be caused by a variety of factors linked to the actions of hormones, including ovarian cysts, taking the contraceptive pill with high amounts of androgens, pregnancy and menopause.
As in men’s hormone DHT appears to be, the reason of miniaturization of hair follicles in women suffering from alopecia.
But we also have to remember that inheritance plays a major factor in this condition.
What to do if you have female androgenic alopecia
It is important that if you discover clear areas in your hair you go to your doctor. In fact in the diagnosis and treatment it is possible that you should visit a nutritionist, endocrinologist, gynecologist or even dermatologist.
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